Wednesday, January 29, 2020

If one of the divisions Essay Example for Free

If one of the divisions Essay Within Judaism there are two major splits, the first is orthodox and the other is non orthodox. Even though they are both on the same branch of religion their belief of how such actions and laws are determined differently on how strict their society is. This does not mean the non orthodox are further from god it’s just the idea they interpretation of the Torah, Talmud and laws are different to orthodox. Orthodox Judaisms main belief is that the Torah, including both the Written Law and the Oral Law, were given directly from God to Moses and can never be altered or rejected in any way. As a result, all Orthodox Jews are required to live in accordance with the Commandments and Jewish law. As well within the UK there are 80% of Orthodox Jews therefore it is open to interpretation that the Orthodox belief is primarily considered the right way to worship. Ways in which we can Orthodox abiding all of Gods laws is by keeping to the 613 commandments set down within the Torah, especially the first 10 for example ‘thou shall not kill’ an orthodox would defiantly not contemplate killing another leaving person even if they were in pain as it goes against the 6th commandment. As well as keeping the commandments the orthodox believe in the idea of physical being and the belief that the messiah is coming and that he will enlighten the world. Others ways which the orthodox Jews are able to express their belief and full holiness by performing areas such as Niddah and holding this family purity to the full extent, for example The Torah describes niddah, as ‘the ritual impurity due to menstruation, and the prohibition of having relations within the time period of a niddah’ this is therefore taken by the orthodox Jews that the are unable to have sexual contact within the woomens monthly menstration and as well she has to stay un touched for two weeks. Another purpose of how orthodox Jews are considered to pursue life the right way is by obeying Koser, ‘a kid should not be cook in its mothers milk’ the orthodox way of dealing with this law is by having milk and meat completelly separate and not eat one another with 4 hours. It can be considered that orthodox way of life is right compaired to Non orthodox because they keep all of the laws from god, they specify in what they believe and have their own way of interpretating them. As well to orthodox Jews the ablity to Keep all of Gods laws giving them this awareness of them succeeding to be striving for holness’ however even though the Orthodox Jews are tring to strive they isolate them selves within there community and try their hardest not to mix with others. On the other hand non orthodox beliefs are more of a modern interperation and shows the possiblity of flexiblity. It can be seen that non orthodox believe in more of a spirtual biding with each others it shows that they do not have to be so forward within their belief and show the world they can abide by all the laws, but on the other hand this spritual awareness allows for the non orthodox jews to have more of a say on what laws they believe in and how they feel the can abide with them and also blend in to society. The non orthadox jews are seen to take an non literal view of the laws for example koser, they don’t really feel it is totally applicable and they eat milk and meat together or they don’t seprate the work services. Unlike the Orthodox jews waiting for the messiah to come the Non orthodox jews believe in the idea that the messiah does not need to a person and they do not require the temple to be re built as they are happy as they are. The non orthodox aspect has an slight area of freewill where it is the Jews own choice to whaet they want to believe in and how they interpretate the laws, guidelines and community. If it was considered that the Non orthodox view was correct because of this idea for there religion to be free and be able to interpretate the laws in their own way and association with modern day then the strict order of Orthodox is wrong because it is strict and unaware of modern times. Even though the orthodox and non orthodox are different sections of Judaism they still both use the synagogue to Worship god but even their ideas in the synangogue are different. For Orthodox Jews, women and men should be seprated and the women aspects are more focused at home and looking after the chicldren, while the men are at work or being Rabbi’s helping in the community, how ever in an Non orthodox synagogue men and women are able to sit together though worship as well women are able to become Rabbi’s as well as working and looking after the children. As well in the non orthodox faith they allow to bring there children up under the faith but also allow for them to make their own decision on the laws, however orthodox children are brought up very strict and abide by every law like their parents and ancestors. To conclude both divisions within Judaism are part of the same religion, they are united in faith and faith to God. So no one group can be wrong as it is down to personal interpretation. As well both splits are right in there own society as it more about there society and community and its just like looking at different cultures instead of the idea one must be wrong as they are the same religion.

Tuesday, January 21, 2020

Essay --

‘Myths get thought in man unbeknowest to him’[1]; As a structuralist, Levi-Strauss ‘offers a number of important reinterpretations of the kinds of ideological thought and practice with ‘symbolic anthropology’, within his analysis of the four Winnebago myths, he sheds light on how change within myth reflects Winnebago society universally. Within each of these myths, the way one goes about living their life determines what happens to them after their life on earth comes to an end. Through using Levi- Strauss’ analysis of each of the four myths, I am going to demonstrate how spiritual change occurs within the Winnebago culture and ‘since structure is entirely relational [...] any content can only arise for us out of the form – the kinship, mythological, or social structures with which anthropology confronts us.’ Structuralism is in a way, attempting to ‘create codes by means of which to communicate.’ To be able to u nderstand our own culture it is simply ‘dialectic’, this is as it is content for our own society; yet when looking at ‘alien cultures it can only be structural – containing knowledge of- and, as such part of the subjectivity of our own society which communicates to us the objectivity of another.’ The chapter, which I am evaluating, is primarily based on myths collected by Radin whilst creating his ethnography of the Winnebago culture. Levi-Strauss chose myths that are all of the same belief but they differ slightly in their forms; the person experiences death but each form differs slightly in each myth, which further develops through the ability to renew lives through the act of heroic traits. Within the first myth, warriors die in battle defending their tribe. This highlights the concept of the capital of life...; that is ambivilant spirits combining good and evil features. So ends the myth.’ Levi-Strauss concludes that that this myth highlights the Winnebago believe that those who live extraordinary lives, yet have qualities that are negative, will neither live nor die.’ Through the use of cross analysis, Levi- Strauss was able to theorise how the people of the Winnebagos interpret and experience how the change affects the spirit of these people. In only pursuing the betterment of the group and not as an individual within the society you are rewarded by the spiritual world, which in turn affects the way in which the members of these tribes act; as they would be punished, which we see with the transformation from human to animal. He demonstrates how we can grasp a good source of information from the symbols that are represented within the culture. [1] Strauss, Levi,

Sunday, January 12, 2020

About the United States Constitution Essay

Essay 1 The Constitution of the United States created the form of government known as federalism. The national and state governments each have specific powers and functions, while also sharing some of the same powers. The Constitution made the agreement that any laws passed under the constitution would be the supreme law of the land. Three separate branches were created; the legislative, executive, and judicial. **********The new Constitution resolved the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation to the extent that it created a new system of government that was equipped with the necessary powers needed to implement changes through compromises, the passing of laws, and the levying of taxes. During the Constitutional Convention of 1787, delegates met in Philadelphia to discuss the difficult problems the new nation faced. The Framers decided that in order to facilitate change within the nation, the Articles of Confederation needed to be replaced with a new plan for government that would give the federal government more power to implement the changes necessary for the progression of the nation. The next step was to devise a plan for the government that would be accepted by the people of the nation. A series of compromises, known as the Three-Fifths Compromise, and the Great Compromise, were created. The Virginia Plan, created by James Madison, included an executive branch, courts, and a bicameral legislature where representation in each house of Congress would be based on each state’s population. This plan enticed delegates from heavily populated states such as, New York; however, the small states feared a government subjugated by the large states would give them no say. The New Jersey Plan, devised by delegates from the smaller states, included a unicameral legislature in which states would have equal representation. Within this plan, Congress had the power to set taxes and regulate trade, which were powers it did not have under the Articles of Confederation. The New Jersey Plan was not accepted because ******larger states thought they should have more power. After six rigorous weeks, *the delegates came to a compromise later known as the Great Compromise. The compromise proposed that Congress have two houses, a Senate and a House of Representatives, in which the Senate granted equal representation and the House granted representation based on population. In the Articles of Confederation, there was only *one vote per state. To pass laws, nine out of the thirteen colonies had to be in  favor of it and to make amendments; all thirteen colonies had to be in favor of the idea. The Great Compromise included that two thirds of the Senate and the House had to agree on a law or an amendment for it to be passed which was much easier. The compromise pleased both groups, but they were not completely satisfied. The Great Compromise directly dealt with the weaknesses within the Articles of Confederation and for this reason it gained popularity. The Three-Fifths Compromise came about after the Great Compromise which answered some of the remaining questions such as, who could vote. The compromise stated that every five enslaved persons counted for three free persons therefore, three-fifths of the slave population in each state would be used in determining representation in Congress. Americans were not all in favor of the Constitution at first, they were known as Anti-Federalists. They thought that the document would take away their liberties that Americans had fought hard to win from Great Britain. Their main argument was the new Constitution would create a strong, federal government and ignore the states and it lacked a bill of rights to protect individual freedoms. Those who were supporters of the document called themselves Federalists. They believed the Constitution would create a system of federalism, a form of government in which power is divided between the federal government and the states. The Federalist Papers, written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison, was what won the Anti-Federalist’s support of the document. In a series of essays, they argued that the United States wouldn’t survive without a strong federal government and reassured the document would protect their nation. Both the Anti-Federalists and the Federalists came to the conclusion that if the Constitution was adopted, the new government would add a bill of rights. The Constitution was completely ratified in 1790 which made the thirteen independent states a united nation, The United States of America. The new Constitution created a framework for the government, which was the something the Articles of Confederation lacked. Three branches within the legislative were created to make sure the federal government would stay stable. Each branch had specific powers while also having the ability to check the powers of the other two branches. The legislative branch, also known as Congre ss, made the laws. The executive branch enforced the laws and is headed by a president and vice president. The judicial system was created in which the  supreme court of the U.S would have the final say as to the constitutionality of laws. In order to avoid one of the branches from gaining too much power, the Framers included a system of checks and balances. This system allowed each branch of government to limit the power of the others. Therefore, the new Constitution resolved the weaknesses of the articles of confederation to the extent that it created a new system of government that was equipped with the necessary powers needed to implement changes through compromises, the passing of laws, and the levying of taxes. The government was able to tax and secure individual freedoms. The thirteen independent states became one nation, The United States of America. Although, not all of the problems of the Articles of Confederation were resolved, the new Constitution created a foundation for our government today.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Changes of America in the 1920s Essay - 729 Words

SAMPLE DBQ. ESSAY As a nation coming out of a devastating war, America faced many changes in the 1920s. It was a decade of growth and improvements. As immigrants fled from Europe, the economy improved, and new machines offered convenience and luxury from the kitchen to the streets. However, with all change comes opposition. The 1920s revealed a conflict between traditional America and the new attitude and lifestyle through the changing role of women, continued dominance of Christian values, and racism. World War I sent women out of the home and into the workplace while men fought the war; this newly gained self-confidence carried over into the 1920s. It became socially acceptable for women to smoke cigarettes, as†¦show more content†¦They resisted the increasing flood of immigration and changing role of Christianity in society by appealing to middle and lower class native-born Americans. Mary Mullet’s admiration of Charles Lindbergh, the first person to fly from New York City to Paris,, also represents the classic American values still fighting for support: â€Å"he was†¦clean in character†¦strong and fine in body†¦modest†¦courageous; †¦these are the things which we honor most in life† (Doc F). In addition to these values, Prohibition promoted Christian values as alcohol was attacked. Finally, one of the most basic aspects of Christianity, the creation of Earth, faced opposition in 1925 when Tennessee teacher John Scopes wen t to court for teaching evolution. Though he was found guilty for breaking the law banning evolution in schools, ACLU lawyer Clarence Darrow dealt a blow to a religion already being questions while interviewing a persecuter: â€Å"I am examining you on your fool ideas that no intelligent Christian on Earth believes† (Doc C). The Scopes trial embodied the struggle between the old ways and new ideas throughout the 1920s. With new freedom for women and changing values came the advancement of blacks in the urban slums. The Harlem Renaissance, startedShow MoreRelatedChanges in America Between 1920 and 1960 Essay1404 Words   |  6 PagesDuring the years between 1920 and 1960, America saw change in many aspects of life. The United States was a part of two major wars and a crash of the banking system that crippled the economy greater than ever seen in this country’s history. Also the country had new insecurities to tackle such as immigration and poor treatment of workers. These events led to the change of America lives socially, economically, and politically. The people of America changed their ideas of what the country’s placeRead MoreThe Role Of Fashion During The 1920 S974 Words   |  4 PagesThe 1920’s was a time of great change.   (Some changes that happened during 1920s were the nation s wealth doubled, more americans lived in the cities, advancements in technolo gy, and women being able to vote.) 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